The 5 Key Study Skills That Every Successful Student Knows
While many students lack some study skills and need to develop more, my experience as a tutor, study coach, and long-time student is that more study skills aren’t the biggest need. Most students know and can do the basics needed to study well. Most possess workable knowledge of note taking strategies, memorization techniques, planning, organization, and reading strategies.
The bigger need is not more study skills, but rather a refined set of skills.
Consider the following situation I encountered in a study group. I was one of four students in the group, all of us in the same undergraduate major and class. All four of us were intelligent people. It was clear from our conversations and the school we were attending. We had all been keeping up with our class work, had done the reading, and had already studied for the test. The study group was really a test review where we were just trying to finish preparing for the final exam.
But about halfway through the session, the other group members stopped me as we walked through the review sheet I had made. Their question was simple: “How did you know what to do?” The other group members were not nearly as prepared for the test, and they did not know what they had missed.
This story repeats itself daily in college and high school campuses across the globe. Some students succeed and others struggle and it has nothing to do with intelligence. Most students simply lack a comprehensive way to know if they are barking up the right academic tree, so to speak. They feel like they are doing well, they know they are spending the time necessary to do well, but they constantly find themselves several points behind the highest achievers in their class.
For those students who are interested in finding more academic success, knowing the following five elements will become a simple and yet comprehensive tool that can help them approach every academic assignment with confidence.
1. Know your educational opportunity.
For must students education is the most important opportunity of their lifetime. The degree to which high school and college students understand this will effect the outcome of their education.
It’s important to note, though, that being more motivated doesn’t necessarily ensure students will remember more or do better on a test. Samford University actually did a significant amount of research on the effects of motivation on retention. They were essentially meaningless. Motivation has little to do with retention.
However, it has everything to do with focus, clarity, drive, and stick-to-it-iveness. Without a clear goal in mind for ultimate success, students will struggle during those long, grueling Latin sessions, or organic chemistry, or physics. Few people enjoy those subjects. There must be something other than “fun” that keeps a student going.
If you know your educational opportunity, you can find that motivation.
2. Know how an idea works.
Education is all about ideas. Some students miss this fundamental point. There is a tendency to enjoy the either the overarching ideas – what I call the “Big Ideas” – or the specific facts, the details that explain that Big Idea.
Some students are fantastic at explaining the major themes, movements, or events that move a class along; however, they tend to miss the important details. People, places, events, dates, and anything that requires a flash card tend to get skipped over.